Three adult cheetahs and three cubs have died in around two months in India’s Kuno National Park, prompting questions from several experts on the suitability of the habitat and wildlife management.
By: Shubham Ghosh
In the wake of deaths of two more cheetah cubs at the Kuno National Park (KNP) in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, the Narendra Modi government has formed an 11-member high-level steering committee to review and monitor the progress of the cheetah-reintroduction programme and provide suggestions on the opening of the animal’s habitat for eco-tourism.
The decision to form the committee, which will be headed by Rajesh Gopal, secretary general of Global Tiger Forum, came on Thursday (25) shortly after news emerged about the deaths of the cheetah cubs.
Three adult cheetahs and three out of the four cubs born to a female Namibian cheetah, Sisaya, have died in around two months at the KNP, prompting questions from several experts on the suitability of the habitat and wildlife management.
The other 10 members include RN Mehrotra, former principal chief conservator of forest of Rajasthan; PR Sinha, former director of the Wildlife Institute of India; HS Negi, former APCCF, Wildlife; and PK Malik, former faculty at Wildlife Institute of India (WII), among others.
A consulting panel of international cheetah experts, including Adrian Tordiffe, veterinary wildlife specialist, University of Pretoria, South Africa; Laurie Marker, Cheetah Conservation Fund, Namibia; Andrew John Fraser, Farm Olivenbosch, South Africa and Vincent van dan Merwe, manager, Cheetah Metapopulation Project, South Africa, will provide advice as an when required.
An office memorandum issued by the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) said the high-level committee has been set up “to review, progress, monitor and (give) advice on the cheetah introduction” to the Madhya Pradesh forest department and the NTCA .
It will provide suggestions on the opening of the cheetah habitat for eco-tourism and on regulations in this regard. The panel, which will be in-force for two years and will hold at least one meeting every month, will also provide suggestions on community interface and for their involvement in project activities.
Talking to PTI, South African wildlife expert Vincent van der Merwe had Thursday recommended fencing the cheetah habitats to circumscribe the overall threat to the big cats recently introduced in the country, prevent their “extreme ranging behaviour”, and protect the prey from anthropogenic pressures such as poaching.
He said the reintroduction project is going to see even higher mortality in the next few months when cheetahs try to establish territories and come face to face with leopards and tigers at the KNP.
Several experts, even the Supreme Court, have expressed concerns over the lack of space and logistical support at Kuno and have suggested shifting cheetahs to other sanctuaries.
In April, the Madhya Pradesh forest department had written a letter to the National Tiger Conservation Authority, requesting an “alternative” site for the cheetahs at Kuno. Under the ambitious reintroduction programme, prime minister Narendra Modi released the first batch of eight spotted felines from Namibia into a quarantine enclosure at Kuno on his 73rd birthday on September 17 last year.
In a second such translocation, 12 cheetahs were flown in from South Africa and released into Kuno on February 18.
(With PTI inputs)