India passes on presidency baton to Brazil as Delhi G20 summit concludes
The Brazilian president congratulated the Indian prime minister over hosting the G20 summit.
Indian prime minister Narendra Modi congratulates Brazilian president Luiz Inacio da Silva while handing him over the presidency of G20 after the closing session of the G20 Summit 2023 at the Bharat Mandapam, in New Delhi, Sunday, September 10, 2023. (PTI Photo)
INDIAN prime minister Narendra Modi on Sunday (10) handed over the gavel of the G20 to Brazilian president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva as a mark of transfer of the grouping’s presidency for the next year as the eventful 18th summit in New Delhi came to a conclusion.
Da Silva praised India for giving voice to key topics of interests of emerging economies.
While there was speculation over the G20 summit in India ending in failure, particularly on the question of the Ukraine war and two key world leaders in Chinese president Xi Jinping and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin giving it a miss, negotiators worked round the clock to reach a consensus on the summit declaration, earning New Delhi great accolades.
In the closing remarks on Sunday, Modi said, “Yesterday, we had wide-ranging discussions in the ‘One Earth, One Family’ sessions. I am satisfied that today the G20 has become a platform for optimistic efforts regarding the vision of One Earth, One Family, One Future.”
The Brazilian president congratulated the Indian prime minister over hosting the G20 summit and listed issues such as social inclusion, fight against hunger, energy transition and sustainable development as the grouping’s priorities.
He also said the United Nations Security Council requires new developing countries as permanent, non-permanent members to regain its political strength.
“We want greater representation for emerging countries at the World Bank and the IMF,” he said.
The big takeaway of the just concluded summit was a call by Modi to end the “global trust deficit”; the launch of the Global Biofuels Alliance; and the launch of new connectivity networks between the US, India, Saudi Arabia and Gulf states.
“We call on all states to uphold the principles of international law including territorial integrity and sovereignty, international humanitarian law, and the multilateral system that safeguards peace and stability,” the Delhi Declaration, which was adopted by the G20 members, said.
China and Russia were also in agreement with the declaration which although urged all states to not use force to grab territory, it avoided condemning Russia over the war in Ukraine.
Kyiv was not too impressed with the declaration with its foreign ministry saying the declaration was “nothing to be proud of” and added that a Ukrainian presence would have given those who took part in the summit a better understanding of the situation.
The African Union was also inducted as the new permanent member of the G20, pushing forward a new world order and offering developing nations a bigger say in global decision-making.
Ahead of the sessions on the concluding day, delegates at the summit visited Rajghat, a memorial dedicated to India’s iconic freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi and paid homage to him. Modi welcomed them at the venue.